Periodic acid

Periodic acid, or iodic (VII) acid is an oxoacid of iodine having chemical formula HIO4or H5IO6.
In dilute solution, periodic acid exists as H+ and IO4-. When more concentrated, orthoperiodic acid, H5IO6, is formed. Periodic acid can be obtained as a crystalline solid. Orthoperiodic acid can be dehydrated to metaperiodic acid, HIO4. Further heating gives diiodine pentoxide (I2O5) and oxygen. The anhydride diiodine heptoxide does not exist in nature but can be formed synthetically.

Thus, two forms of periodates exist; one relating to the acid HIO4, the other relating to H5IO6. HIO4 results in metaperiodates (meta- meaning less water) and H5IO6, orthoperiodates (ortho- meaning more water). Metaperiodates have solubilities and chemical properties similar to perchlorates (similar but larger ion size) though they are less oxidizing than perchlorates.
Periodic acid is also used in organic chemistry for structural analysis. Periodic acid will cleave a vicinal diol into two aldehyde or ketone fragments. This can be useful in determining the structure of carbohydrates.

Specifications - Periodic Acid (Solution)50%
Product Periodic Acid
Structural formula
CAS No. [10450-60-9]
Molecular formula H5IO6
Molecular weight 227.94.
Description Colorless liquid.
Assay Min 50.0%

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